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[考研资料] 请查收211英语作文要点和通用句型

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发表于 2019-12-20 14:05:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
英语作文在整个211基础英语中占有大的比重,一直以来被我们的番薯们视为老大难问题。考验在即所以我们在这里有必要对英语作文进行一个分析。怎样写好一篇211英语作文?如何让自己的文章脱颖而出呢?首先大家要明白一个真理,任何英语考试,英语作文考的实质是大家写作能力。那我们现在要强调一下需要注意哪些问题,把这些问题注意到,写作能力(至少看起来)将会有个质变
高级词句想着用
有句话叫都是九年义务教育,你咋就这么优秀?都有腰间盘,你咋就那么突出?翻硕考场,大家多半都是英专,你会写的普通词句大家都会写,你想到的简单想法人人都能想到。细思极恐,这必然会导致作文的高度同质化。但是,这同时又是个利好消息——我们如果能写出高级词句,肯定能在一众竞争者中脱颖而出!比如下面这几种写法:
1. 结果类
exert A on B
A~a great impact/ a positive influence/ a negative impact
Eg: Family education may exert a great impact on children’s behavior.
对于结果类的句子大家都习惯用“have a great impact/a positive influence on”很少用“exert a great impact/ a positive influence/ a negative impact on”,如果大家以后关于结果类的句型都用“exert”这个单词,是不是给自己的作文加分了呢
2. 见证类
The past several years have witnessed .......
Eg: The past several years have witnessed an exponential increase in the number of cars.
在写作文的时候我们经常会用到一些背景句,我们在写这一类句子的时候往往会用人作主语,而更为地道的英语,往往都是用时间或物品作主语,我们也会在经济学人期刊经常看到类似的表达: The past several years have witnessed an exponential increase in the number of parents who wish to send their kids to art classes.
3. 重要类
Nothing is more important than...
Sth plays quite an important role in...
Eg: Nothing is more important than to protect the environment.
Math,to some extent, plays quite an important role in students’ examination.
4.引出类
There is much controversy over the issue of...
Sth has given rise to a heated discussion.
Sth has caused quite a stir among the general public.
As regards sth, there has been a heated discussion among the general public.
Opinions vary greatly when it comes to sth.

连词衔接勿丢掉
英语作文要注意衔接词的添加,弄清两个句子之间存在的逻辑关系。中国人写文章比较含蓄,注重意境与内隐,如:“我没去上学,我感冒了。”而外国人注重简明易懂。如:“I did not go to school because I got the cold.”所以,我们受母语影响,会忘记衔接词的使用。在这里学长给大家总结一下链接词的使用方法:
1. 一般情况下,两个句子之间,只要不存在转折关系,没事就使用“and”。
Eg: I have two kids, and both of them are very clever and cute .
2. 表示原因的句子,要用“because/ because of/ in that/due to/ for/ since等。
Eg: I did not go to school because I got the cold.
3. 表示递进的句子,要用“furthermore/ what’s more/ moreover等。
Eg: To begin with, it goes without saying that science and technology has exerted a positive impact on the progress of civilization in the courses of our history. Furthermore/What’s more/Moreover, science and technology allows us to broaden one’s horizon....
4. 表示转折的句子,要用but/however/yet/nevertheless/ by contrast/while等。
Eg: Some people maintain that praise should be given to the wealth because they contribute to charity business. While others take it for granted that......
多样表达要兼顾
1. 单词的多样性
在作文中要多用同义转换,这样会让阅卷老师觉得你的词汇量很大很丰富
Eg:people in growing numbers take it granted that taking exercise everyday is beneficial to our body, nevertheless, others maintain that work out, to some extent, might exert a negative influence on ours.
这里的 “taking exercise” 和“work out”为同义转换都是锻炼的意思。
2. 短语替代单词
Make a decision 替代decide
3. 单词的难度
同样是表达做某事很重要,有低级的表达也有高级的表达,所以大家要用些高级词汇替代低级词汇。
低级版:it is important that....
高级版:it is vital/ of great importance/ significant that...
最后,句子的多样性和长度。
1. 句子的长度,定语从句,名词性从句,状语从句,并列词拉长句子。
低级版:some people believe that the wealth have become rich can not leave the others in the society. They should contribute to the society.
高级版:Those people who hold the first opinion believe the wealth can not get rich without others in the society and they should feedback the society.
这里用一个定语从句修饰people,用并列连词不仅拉长了句子而且丰富了句子的多样性,contribute to 和 feedback 为单词的同义转换。
2. 功能句的应用和主动变被动
低级版: About these two ideas, I agree the latter one. For one thing, the wealth get their money because they work honestly and legally.
高级版:weighing up these two arguments, I am inclined to the latter one.For one thing,the wealth’s money is gotten by their honest and legal business.
背景为绿色的为功能句的使用,红色阴影的为主动变被动。
3. 虚拟语气倒装句的使用等
It is high time that we are supposed to...
Only in this way can we ....
综上所述,要想写好211英语作文需要注意以下几点:
第一,多积累高级词句表达。
第二,注意连接词的使用
第三,兼顾多样性的表达。(包括同义转换,高级词汇替代低级词汇,最后句子的长度和多样
了解写作要点之后我们来积累一下写作常用句型!!
图表作文篇——
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话题作文篇——
一、 开头句型
1.As far as .. concerned ...而
2.It goes without saying that... 不言而喻,...
3.It can be said with certainty that...可以肯定地说.....
4.As the proverb says,正如谚语所说的,
5.It has to be noticed that..它必须注意到 , ...
6. It's generally recognized that...它普遍认为...
7.It's likely that .... 这可能是因为...
8.It's hardly that...这是很难的....
9.It's hardly too much to say that...它几乎没有太多的说...
10.What calls for special attention is that..需要特别注意的是
11.There's no denying the fact that..毫无疑问,无可否认
12.Nothing is more important than the fact that..没有什么比这更重要的是....
13.what's far more important is that... 更重要的是...
二、街接句型
1.A case in point is .... 一个典型的例子是...
2.As is often the case..由于通常情况下..
3.As stated in the previous paragraph如前段所述...
4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore然而向題并非如此筒単,所以...
5.But it's a pity that..但遗憾的是...
6.For all that...対于这一切.. In spite of the fact that..尽管事实...
7.Further, we hold opinion that..此外 ,我們堅持认为...
8.However , the difficulty lies in.然而,困难在于...
9.Similarly, we should pay attention to...同样,我們要注意..
10.not ( that) ..but( that) .不是,而是
11.In view of the present station.鉴于目前形勢
12.As has been mentioned above.. .正如上面所提到的..
13.In this respect, we may as well ( say)从送个角度上我們可以説
14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin,that is...然而我們还得看到事情的另一面
三、结尾句型
1.I will conclude by saying...最后我要说...
2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that...因此,我们有理由相信...
3. All things considered, 总而言之It may be safely said that..可以有把握地说...
4.Therefore, in my opinion, it's more advisable...因此,在我看来,更可取的...
5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that.. .通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论...
6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that...通过数据我们得到的结论是, ..
7.It can be concluded from the discussion that...从中我们可以得出这样的结论
8.From my point of view, it would be better ...在我看来...也许更好
四、举例句型
1.Let's take...to illustrate this...
2.let's take the above chart as an example to illustrate this...
3.Here is one more example...
4.Take ...for example...
5.The same is true of...
6.This offers a typical instance of...
7.We may quote a common example of...
8.Just think of...
五、常用于引言段的句型
1.Some people think that ..有些人认为...To be frank, I can not agree with their opinion for the reasons below.坦率地说,我不能同意他们的意见,理由如下。
2.For years, ... has been seen as ... ,but things are quite different now,多年来; ... 直被视为....但今天的情况有很大的不同。
3.I believe the title statement is valid because...我认为这个论点是正确的,因为...
4.1 cannot entirely agree with the idea that .. ,我无法完全同意这一观点的.. I believe..
5.My argument for this view goes as follows我对这个问题的看法如下。
6.Along with the development of... more and more..随..的发展,越来越多...
7.There is a long-running debate as to whether..有一个长期存在的辩论,是否....
8.It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed/held/accepted/recognized that..它通常是认为..
9.As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the latter.就我而言,我完全同意前者/后者。
10.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the argument of both sides.在给出我的观点之前,我想有必要看看双方的论据。
六、表示比较和对比的常用句型和表达法
1.A is completely / totally / entirely different from B.
2.A and B are different in some/every way / respect /aspect.
3.A and B differ in...
4.A differs from B in...
5.The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in...
6.Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B...
7.... on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B...8.While it is generally believed thatA ... I believe B...
9.Despite their similarities, A and B are also different.
10.Both A and B ... However, A... ; on the other hand, B...
11.The most striking difference is that A... while B...
七、演绎法常用的句型
1.There are several reasons for.. but in general, they comedown to three major ones.有几个原....但,他们可以归结为三个主要的。
2.There are many factors that may account for.... but the following are the most typical ones.有许多因素可能.....但以下是最典型的。
3.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following ones may be most effective.有很多方法可以解决这个问题,但下面的可能是最有效的。
4.Generally, the advantages can be listed as follows.般来说,这些优势可以列举如下。
5.The reasons are as follows.
八、因果推理法常用句型
1.Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot.
2.If we read the book, we would learn a lot.
3.We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence /consequently / for this reason / because of this, we've
learned a lot.
4.As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we've learned a lot.由于阅读这本书,我们已经学到了很多。
5.The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much.
6.Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much.
7.The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight.
8.Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight.
九、段首万能句子
1....人们有不同的观点。些人认为....
There are different opinions among people as to___ .Some people suggest that
2.俗话说(常言道) ....,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。
There is an old saying____ It’s the experience of our forefather, however ,it is correct in many cases even today.
3.现在....,,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害首先....其次, ...更为糟糕的....
Today...which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life.First,___ Second__ .What makes things worse is that...
4.现在....很普遍,许多人喜观.... ,因为.... ,另外(而且)....Nowadays , it is common to...Many people like...because...Besides...
5.任何事物都是有两面性....也不例外。它既有有利的,也有不利的一面。
Everything has two sides and  is not an exception, it has both advantages and disadvantages.
.....人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说) .... ,在他们看来,.... :
People's opinions about____ vary from person to person.Some people say that...To them...
7.人类正面临着一个严重的问题.... ,这个问题变得越来越严重。
Man is now facing a big problem  . which is becoming more and more serious.
8.已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。
has become a hot topic among people , especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.
9.我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发些严重的问题。
has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.
10.根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看....很显然.....但是为什么呢?
According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph, it can be seen that...Obviously...but why...
预祝大家初试顺利,复试锦鲤,梦想实现!

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